— Officially: Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti.
— English: Northern (Turkish) Cyprus.
— Seat of government: Lefkoşa.
— Status: Democratic.
— Structure: The president is directly elected and heads the government; parliament is elected in geographical constituencies modified by proportional representation, and chooses the prime minister.
— Governing parties: Toplumcu Demokrasi Partisi, Cumhuriyetçi Türk Partisi, and Demokrat Parti.
— Heads of government: Mustafa Akıncı, TDP, president; Özkan Yorgancıoğlu, CTP, prime minister.
— Parliamentary parties: Cumhuriyetçi Türk Partisi, led by Yorgancıoğlu; Ulusal Birlik Partisi, led by Hüseyin Özgürgün; Demokrat Parti, led by Serdar Denktaş; Toplumcu Demokrasi Partisi, led by Mehmet Çakıcı.
— Assessment: Independent since 1974, but not recognized. A 2004 referendum to reunify with Κύπρος passed here, but not in Κύπρος. The parliamentary elections in 2003 and 2005 yielded an even split between moderate, pro-European parties (the CTP and the Barış ve Demokrasi Hareketi, a precursor to the TDP) and nationalist parties (the UBP and the DP); the CTP led government under that result, with the DP as coalition partner, eventually replaced by the emergent Özgürlük ve Reform Partisi. In 2005, Mehmet Ali Talat of the CTP succeeded long-time leader Rauf Denktaş (1973-2005) of the UBP, father of Serdar. A 2009 parliamentary election yielded a significant popular plurality for the UBP, and a slight majority of seats. In a 2010 presidential election, Derviş Eroğlu of the UBP defeated Talat in the first round, making negotiations for unification with Κύπρος much more difficult. In 2013 parliamentary elections, nationalists secured a narrow majority of seats, but the CTP formed a coalition with the DP. In 2015, Eroğlu was defeated for reelection in a runoff by Mustafa Akıncı, a defeat as well for the nationalist parties (UBP and DP) who had supported Eroğlu.
— FH: 2-2, free.
— Updated: 2015 May 15.