Officially: Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон.
English: (Northern) Tajikistan.
Seat of government: Душанбе.
Status: Not democratic.
Structure: Autocracy under the current president. In theory, the president is elected directly, while parliament (Маҷлиси Олии) comprises the Маҷлиси Намояндагон, elected in geographical constituencies modified by proportional representation, and the Маҷлиси Миллии, chosen by local governments and the president.
Governing party: Ҳизби Халқии Демократии Тоҷикистон.
Head of government: Эмомалии Раҳмон(ов), president.
Chief opposition party: Нашрияи Ҳизби Наҳзати Исломии Тоҷикистон.
Assessment: Essentially a party dictatorship, though a peace settlement has legalized most opposition. Раҳмон (1992-) first came to office during a civil war that immediately followed independence (1991), during which the state was effectively divided, controlled in part by the organized opposition and in part by warlords. The territory was mostly reunited by a 1997 agreement. The state is the usual Central Asian sham democracy; Раҳмон has declared himself comfortably reelected in 1994, 1999 (98%), 2006, and 2013. The ҲХДТ has claimed official parliamentary wins in 2000, 2005, and 2010, taking nearly all seats in the last two. In 2003, Раҳмон was granted a constitutional amendment that would allow him to rule to 2020.
FH: 6-5, not free. Econ: 2.45 (150), authoritarian.
Updated: 2015 March 16.