남한 NAM HAN
Officially: 대한민국 Tai Han Min Kuk .
English: South Korea.
Seat of government: 서울 Se ul .
Status: Democratic.
Structure: The president is elected directly, and chooses the ministers. The legislature (국회 Kuk Hoi ) is elected in geographical constituencies modified by party-list proportional representation.
Governing party: 민주당 Min Cu Taŋ .
Heads of government: 문재인 Mun Cai in , president (since 2017); 이낙연 i Nak jen , prime minister (since 2017).
Chief opposition parties: 자유한국당 Ca ju Han Kuk Taŋ ; 국민의당 Kuk Min ui Taŋ ; 바른정당 Pa Lun Ceŋ Taŋ .
Recent history: The presidential elections of dissident 김대중 Kim Tai Cuŋ (1998-2003) and human-rights lawyer 노무현 No Mu Hjen (2003-8) were two straight defeats for the 한나라당 Han Na La Taŋ (later the 새누리당 Sai Nu Li Taŋ , now the 자유한국당 Ca ju Han Kuk Taŋ ) of the old military rgime, which had imprisoned 노 No and sentenced 김 Kim to death. 노 No was impeached by parliament in 2004, his powers temporarily assumed by prime minister 고건 Ko Ken . But voters gave the previously-insignificant 우리당 u Li Taŋ a large majority in parliament in elections that year based on its new affiliation with 노 No , and the constitutional court reinstated him. The governing party was reorganized through schisms and mergers, and is now the 민주당 Min Cu Taŋ . 이명박 i Mjeŋ Pak (2008-13) of the 한나라당 Han Na La Taŋ was elected president in 2007. Shortly afterwards, the 한나라당 Han Na La Taŋ also won a slight majority in parliament. It won a continued majority in 2012. 박근혜 Pak Kun Hjei (2013-6), daughter of military ruler 박정희 Pak Ceŋ Hui (1961-79), was elected president in 2012, defeating 문 Mun . She was impeached in late 2016 over corruption, with prime minister 황교안 Hoaŋ Kjo an (acting president 2016-7) assuming provisional presidential authority; 박 Pak was then removed from office in 2017. 문 Mun was elected to succeed her, defeating 홍준표 Hoŋ Cun P‛jo of 자유한국당 Ca ju Han Kuk Taŋ and 안철수 an C‛el Su of 국민의당 Kuk Min ui Taŋ .
FH: 1-2, free. Econ: 8.01 (28), full democracy.
Updated: 2017 September 17.
 

O.T. FORD