SLOVENKSO
Officially: Slovenská Republika.
English: Slovakia.
Seat of government: Bratislava.
Status: Democratic.
Structure: The parliament (Národná Rada) is elected by party-list proportional representation, and chooses the prime minister. The president is elected directly.
Governing parties: Smer – Sociálna Demokracia, led by Robert Fico; Slovenská Národná Strana, led by Andrej Danko; Most-Híd, led by Bugár Béla.
Heads of government: Robert Fico, Smer, prime minister (2006-10, and since 2012); Andrej Kiska, president.
Other parliamentary parties: Sloboda a Solidarita, led by Richard Sulík; Obyčajní Ľudia a Nezávislé OsobnostiNová Väčšina, led by Igor Matovič; Kotleba – Ľudová Strana – Naše Slovensko, led by Marian Kotleba; Sme Rodina, led by Boris Kollár.
Notable non-parliamentary parties: Kresťanskodemokratické Hnutie, led by Ján Figeľ; Magyar Közösség Pártja, led by Berényi József.
Recent history: Spent several years after the dissolution of Československo in illiberal government under Vladimír Mečiar (1992-4, 1994-8) and the Hnutie za Demokratické Slovensko, but improved under a long-serving centrist coalition led by Mikuláš Dzurinda (1998-2006) of the Slovenská Demokratická a Kresťanská Únia. A 2004 election for the ceremonial presidency saw Mečiar defeated by former ally Ivan Gašparovič (2004-14), but Mečiar’s Ľudová Strana – HZDS returned to government under Smer and Fico after the 2006 election; partner SNS was also worrisome. A 2010 election saw Smer win a large plurality among official parties, but an opposition coalition win a majority; Iveta Radičová (2010-2) of SDKÚ – Demokratická Strana became prime minister. In 2012, Smer won an outright majority in parliamentary elections. Kiska defeated Fico in a 2014 presidential runoff. The 2016 parliamentary election reduced Smer’s seat total to a plurality, and it formed a coalition government.
FH: 1-1, free. Econ: 7.33 (44), flawed democracy.
Updated: 2017 December 24.
 

O.T. FORD