新加坡 ŚIN1 KA5 P‛O5
Also: 新加坡 Śin5 Ćia5 P‛uo5 ; சிங்கப்பூர் Ciŋkappūr ; Singapura.
Officially: 新加坡共和国 Śin1 Ka5 P‛o5 Kiŋ323 Kk32 / Śin5 Ćia5 P‛uo5 Kuŋ5135 Kuo35 ; சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசு Ciŋkappūr Kutijaracu ; Repablik Singapura.
English: Singapore.
Status: Not democratic.
Structure: Dominant-party state. In theory, parliament is elected in geographical constituencies and chooses the prime minister; a small number of non-constituency members may be chosen from among the losing opposition candidates.
Governing party: 人民行動黨 Źin35 Bin35 Heŋ35 Toŋ3 Toŋ53 .
Head of government: 李顯龍 Li214 Śien214 Luŋ35 , prime minister.
Chief opposition parties: 工人黨 Kaŋ4 Laŋ23 Toŋ53 ; 新加坡人民黨 Śin1 Ka5 P‛o5 Laŋ23 Bin23 Toŋ53 .
Assessment: Authoritarian. The 人民行動黨 Źin35 Bin35 Heŋ35 Toŋ3 Toŋ53 has claimed victory in every single election, beginning with the 1959 election immediately preceding independence. The state was controlled by founding prime minister 李光耀 Li214 Kuaŋ5 Iau51 (1959-90) long after his official retirement; he chose his own successor as prime minister, 吳作棟 G35 Cok1 Toŋ21 (1990-2004), and then installed his son as 吳 G35 s successor. The ruling party routinely uses its power to destroy any threatened opposition. In four straight parliaments (1968, 1972, 1976, 1980), there were no opposition members; subsequent elections featured non-constituency membership, but opposition members then only ranged from one to four, until reaching six in 2011.
FH: 5-4, partly free (not democratic). Econ: 5.89 (82), hybrid.
Updated: 2015 April 20.
 

O.T. FORD