السعودية ƆAL-SACŪDĪAḦ
Officially: المملكة العربية السعودية ɔal-Mamlakaḧ ɔal-Carabīaḧ ɔal-Sacūdīaḧ .
English: Saudi Arabia.
Seat of government: الرياض ɔal-Rīād .
Status: Not democratic.
Structure: Government is led by a son of عبد العزيز السعود Cabd ɔul-Cazīz ɔal-Sacūd (ابن سعود Ɔibn Sacūd ), chosen for life by factions within the ruling family, typically in balance with his predecessor and successor.
Governing party: آل سعود Ɔāl Sacūd .
Heads of government: سلمان بن عبدالعزيز آل سعود Salmān bin Cabd ɔul-Cazīz ɔāl Sacūd , ملك malik (since 2015); محمد بن سلمان Muham:ad bin Salmān , crown prince.
Assessment: Highly repressive, theocratic, and patriarchal. Previous ruler عبدالله Cabdɔullah (ملك malik , 2005-15) became the ruler de facto in 1995 after the incapacitation of his half-brother فهد Fahd (ملك malik , 1982-2005). Local elections have been held (2005, 2011) in which male citizens were allowed to participate; women are to be allowed to participate in 2015. After سلمان Salmān acceded, he first named another half-brother to succeed him (مقرن Muqrin ) and his nephew محمد بن نايف Muham:ad bin Nājaf (by a full brother) to succeed مقرن Muqrin , which would make محمد Muham:ad the first ruler outside of founding ruler عبد العزيز Cabd ɔul-Cazīz and his sons. Shortly after, سلمان Salmān made محمد بن نايف Muham:ad bin Nājaf the successor and named his own son محمد بن سلمان Muham:ad bin Salmān as next in line, thus concentrating the succession in his own سديري Sudajrī branch of the family. Finally, he displaced his nephew and elevated his son to crown prince, and the latter began consolidating his own power by purging rivals.
FH: 7-7, not free. Econ: 1.71 (163), authoritarian.
Updated: 2018 January 10.
 

O.T. FORD