Also: Paraguay.
Officially: Tetã Paraguái; República del Paraguay.
Seat of government: Asunción / Paraguay.
Status: Democratic.
Chief governing party: Partido Colorado.
Head of government: Horacio Cartes Jara, PC, president.
Chief opposition party: Partido Liberal Radical Auténtico, led by Julio César Franco; Frente Guasú, led by Fernando Lugo.
Recent history: The long-ruling Colorados were in power for six decades (1948-2008), including the long dictatorship of Alfredo Stroessner (1954-89). The post-Stroessner era has produced significant turmoil. In 1996, Army chief Lino Oviedo reportedly threatened a coup against the first elected president, Juan Carlos Wasmosy, when Wasmosy fired him. Oviedo became a major force in the PC, but was convicted of mutiny before he could stand for the presidency in 1998; Raúl Cubas stood in his place, explicitly, and won. In 1999, Cubas resigned, following allegations of his and Oviedo’s involvement in the assassination of vice president Luis María Argaña. Luis González Macchi of the PC became president (1999-2003); he was jailed for corruption in 2006. Fernando Lugo, standing for the Alianza Patriótica para el Cambio, defeated the Colorado candidate (and Oviedo, for a Colorado splinter group) in 2008, but the Colorados continued to dominate Congress, and Lugo was hastily impeached and removed from office in 2012. In 2013, the PC won the presidency again.
FH: 3-3, partly free (democratic). Econ: 6.40 (66), flawed democracy.
Updated: 2014 October 28.