موريتانيا MŪRĪTĀNĪĀ
Also: Gnnaar; Murutaane; Moritani.
Officially: الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية ɔal-Ĝumhūrīaḧ ɔal-Ɔislāmīaḧ ɔal-Mūrītānīaḧ .
English: Mauritania.
Seat of government: نواكشوط Nūākūt .
Status: Not democratic.
Structure: Power has been held by the military almost continuously, generally held tightly by a strongman who comes to power by coup.
Governing party: The military and its الإتحاد من أجل الجمهورية ɔal-Ɔit:ihad min ɔaĝli al-Ĝumhūrīaḧ .
Head of government: محمد ولد عبد العزيز Muham:ad Ŭuld Cabd ɔal-Cazīz , president.
Chief opposition parties: National Pact for Development and Democracy, led by سيدى ولد الشيخ عبد الله Sīdī Ŭuld ɔal-ajx Cabd ɔal-Lahi ; التكتل القوى الديموقراطية ɔal-Takat:ul ɔal-Qūaj ɔal-Dīmūqrātīaḧ , led by احمد ولد داداه Ɔahmad Ŭuld Dādāh ; التجمع الوطني للإصلاح و التنمية ɔal-Taĝam:uc ɔal-Ŭatanī lil-Ɔish ŭaɔl-Tanmīaḧ (تواصل Taŭāsul ).
Recent history: The Heads of State, chaired by معاوية ولد سيد احمد الطايع Mucāŭīaḧ Ŭuld Sīd Ɔahmad ɔal-Tājac (1984-2005) took power in a coup, from a government that had done likewise. They held a fixed presidential election in 2003, with الطايع ɔal-Tājac claiming two-thirds of the vote. This rgime was overthrown by المجلس العسكرى للعدل والديمقراطية ɔal-Maĝlis ɔal-Caskarī lil-Cadl ŭaɔl-Dīmuqrātīaḧ , led by اعلى ولد محمد فال Ɔaclī Ŭuld Muham:ad Fāl (2005-7). The opposition did well in a parliamentary election in 2006, but rgime-affiliated candidates still secured a majority. Junta members were barred from standing in the 2007 presidential election, but the result also favored the previous and interim rgimes. سيدى ولد الشيخ عبد الله Sīdī Ŭuld ɔal-ajx Cabd ɔal-Lahi , who worked for the Heads of State, narrowly defeated احمد ولد داداه Ɔahmad Ŭuld Dādāh , who opposed them. The government went through a year of instability, culminating in a vote of no confidence and a large defection from the governing party. When the president fired several military commanders in 2008, the head of his guard, ولد عبد العزيز Ŭuld Cabd ɔal-Cazīz (2008-), overthrew him. In 2009, he held an election and declared himself the victor. The governing party claimed a majority in 2013 parliamentary elections, and a 2014 presidential election, largely boycotted, ended with an official reelection of ولد عبد العزيز Ŭuld Cabd ɔal-Cazīz .
FH: 6-5, not free. Econ: 4.17 (110), authoritarian.
Updated: 2014 December 2.
 

O.T. FORD