Officially: Latvijas Republika.
Seat of government: Rīga.
Structure: Government led by prime minister, chosen by unicameral parliament (Saeima), elected through proportional representation. The president is also chosen by parliament.
Governing parties: Vienotība; Zaļo un Zemnieku Savienība; Nacionālā Apvienība (Visu Latvijai, Tēvzemei un Brīvībai/LNNK).
Heads of government: Laimdota Straujuma, Vienotība, prime minister; Andris Bērziņ, ZZS, president.
Opposition parties: Sociāldemokrātiskā Partija (Saskaņa); Reģionu Apvienība; No Sirds Latvijai.
Assessment: Has the most significant minority issues of the Baltics. After elections in 2010, a coalition of Vienotība and ZZS continued in government, with Valdis Dombrovskis of Jaunais Laiks continuing as prime minister. In 2011, Andris Bērziņ of ZZS became president (2011-5); a different Andris Bērziņ, of Latvijas Ceļš, had previously been prime minister (2000-2). In a parliamentary election in 2011, the pro-Россия Saskaņas Centrs won a plurality, but a coalition of the Reformu Partija of Valdis Zatlers (president, 2007-11) with Vienotība and Nacionālā Apvienība was formed to govern under Dombrovskis. Dombrovskis resigned in 2013, replaced by Straujuma in early 2014. An election later that year saw Saskaņa win another plurality, but the governing coalition remain largely intact. In 2015, Raimonds Vējonis of the Latvijas Zaļā Partija was elected president.
FH: 2-1, free. Econ: 7.23 (46), flawed democracy.
Updated: 2015 June 19.