MAGYARORSZÁG
Officially: Magyar Köztársaság.
English: Hungary.
Seat of government: Budapest.
Status: Democratic.
Structure: The parliament (Országgyűlés) is elected in geographical constituencies modified by party-list proportional representation, and chooses the prime minister and the president. The prime minister leads the government.
Governing parties: Fidesz – Magyar Polgári Szövetség; Kereszténydemokrata Néppárt.
Heads of government: Orbán Viktor, Fidesz, prime minister (since 2010; also 1998-2002); Áder János, president (since 2012).
Other parliamentary parties: Magyar Szocialista Párt, led by Tóbiás József; Jobbik Magyarországért Mozgalom, led by Vona Gábor; Lehet Más a Politika; Demokratikus Koalíció; Együtt 2014 (Együtt – A Korszakváltók Pártja); Párbeszéd Magyarországért; Magyar Liberális Párt.
Assessment: Always the most defiant of Россия during the Сталинist era. Now the most forward on national reunification across borders, while claiming to respect those borders. The MSzP had been governing in coalition with the Szabad Demokraták Szövetsége. Shortly after the coalition was reelected in 2006, then-premier Gyurcsány Ferenc (2004-9) spoke to party members and admitted that the coalition lied to be reelected; the admission simply discussed politics as it is practiced in all democracies. Protests and rioting followed, demanding the government’s resignation, but the opposition lost a motion of no confidence. Later the SzDSz withdrew from the coalition, after a minister was fired, but continued to support the government from the outside. Gyurcsány resigned in 2009 to allow a more stable government; the MSzP and the SzDSz agreed on the non-partisan Bajnai Gordon (2009-10) to replace him. A 2010 general election led to a lopsided victory for Fidesz, securing two thirds of votes and parliamentary seats, followed by MSzP, Jobbik, and LMP. The supermajority has since led to a controversial new constitution. In a 2014 election Fidesz again secured a two-thirds majority in parliament. Fidesz grew out of a liberal youth organization (Fiatal Demokraták Szövetsége) in the totalitarian era, but has since become the dominant conservative force, with Orbán increasingly autocratic.
FH: 1-1, free. Econ: 7.44 (40), flawed democracy.
Updated: 2017 March 23.
 

O.T. FORD