ΚΥΠΡΟΣ
— Officially: Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία; Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti.
— English: Greek Cyprus.
— Seat of government: Λευκωσία.
— Status: Democratic.
— Structure: The president is elected directly, and heads the government; the legislature (Βουλή των Αντιπροσώπων) is elected by proportional representation within geographical constituencies.
— Chief governing party: Δημοκρατικός Συναγερμός.
— Head of government: Νίκος Αναστασιάδης, ΔηΣυ, president.
— Other legislative parties: Ανορθωτικό Κόμμα Εργαζόμενου Λαού; Δημοκρατικό Κόμμα; Κίνημα Σοσιαλδημοκρατών ΕΔΕΚ; Ευρωπαϊκό Κόμμα; Κίνημα Οικολόγων Περιβαλλοντιστών.
— Assessment: Claims the whole of the island; refuses to recognize the legitimate fear of the Tόrk minority of union (ένωσις) with Ελλάδα. Its admission to the European Union in 2004 provides another complication; in that and other ways, the patronage of Ελλάδα weakens its interest in compromise. The electorate rejected, in a 2004 referendum shortly before EU accession, the Kofi Annan plan to reunify with Kuzey Kıbrıs. In 2003, long-serving president Γλαύκος Κληρίδης (1993-2003) was defeated in an election by Τάσσος Παπαδόπουλος of ΔηΚο, who promised even less concession to the Tόrkler and urged the defeat of the referendum. ΑΚΕΛ was a longtime member of the governing coalition, but withdrew to field its own candidate in the 2008 presidential election. In that election, Παπαδόπουλος was narrowly defeated by both Ιωάννης Κασουλίδης of ΔηΣυ and Δημήτρης Χριστόφιας of ΑΚΕΛ; Χριστόφιας won the runoff. In a 2011 legislative election, ΔηΣυ won a narrow plurality over ΑΚΕΛ. Χριστόφιας declined to run again in 2013; Αναστασιάδης stood for his own party and ΔηΚο and defeated Σταύρος Μαλάς of ΑΚΕΛ in a runoff. Αναστασιάδης was a supporter of the Annan plan and began negotiations in 2014 for a federation with Kuzey Kıbrıs, leading to a withdrawal of ΔηΚο from the governing coalition.
— FH: 1-1, free. Econ: 7.70 (36), flawed democracy.
— Updated: 2014 November 18.
 

O.T. FORD