中國 UŊ5 KUO35
Also: 中国 uŋ5 Kuo35 ; 中華 uŋ5 Xua35 ; 中华 uŋ5 Xua35 .
Officially: 中华人民共和国 uŋ5 Xua35 Ẓən35 Min35 Kuŋ5135 Kuo35 .
English: China.
Seat of government: 北京 Pei214 Ćiŋ5 .
Status: Not democratic.
Structure: Authority within the party is based on interpersonal loyalties and factional positioning, represented primarily through the 中央政治局常务委员会 uŋ5 Iaŋ5 əŋ51 r51 Ć35 ‛aŋ35 U51 Uei214 en35 Xuei51 .
Governing party: 中國共產黨 uŋ5 Kuo35 Kuŋ51 ‛an214 Taŋ214 .
Heads of government: 習近平 Śi35 Ćin51 P‛iŋ35 , general secretary and president; 江澤民 Ćiaŋ535 Min35 , senior leader of governing faction.
Chief opposition parties: 香港 Hŋ53 Koŋ35 Pan-Democrats; 中國民主黨 uŋ5 Kuo35 Min35 u214 Taŋ214 .
Assessment: The worlds most populous state, and unfortunately its most populous tyranny. Operates under a collective rgime, with power residing primarily in interpersonal relationships and loyalties, often directed by senior figures without official title. While 江 Ćiaŋ5 (officially, 1992-2003) transitioned from public office, making way for nominal general secretary and president 胡錦濤 Xu35 Ćin214 T‛au5 (2002-13), he clearly maintained the leading position unofficially for many years, possibly through the present. He enshrined his own doctrines in customary law, and stacked the ruling 中央政治局常務委員會 uŋ5 Iaŋ5 əŋ51 r51 Ć35 ‛aŋ35 U51 Uei214 en35 Xuei51 with his own faction in two successive five-yearly congresses, notably the influential 曾慶紅 Cəŋ5 Ć‛iŋ51 Xuŋ35 , while 習 Śi35 was positioned as the next official head of government. 習 Śi35 (officially, 2012-) is developing his own power more effectively than 胡 Xu35 ever did, and may eventually surpass the influence of 江 Ćiaŋ5 , if he has not already.
FH: 7-6, not free. Econ: 3.04 (136), authoritarian. (For 中國 uŋ5 Kuo35 as a whole.) FH: 7-7, not free. (For བོད Bod .)

香港 Hŋ53 Koŋ35
Officially: 中華人民共和國香港特別行政區 Cuŋ531 Ian53 Man5 Kuŋ1 Uo53 Kuok353 Koŋ35 Tak1 Pit1 Haŋ31 Ciŋ3 K5 .
English: Hong Kong.
Status: Not democratic.
Governing party: 中國共產黨 uŋ5 Kuo35 Kuŋ51 ‛an214 Taŋ214 .
Head of government: 梁振英 Lŋ21 Can35, chief executive.
Chief opposition parties: 香港民主黨 Hŋ53 Koŋ35 Man5 C35 Toŋ35 , led by Emily 劉慧卿 Lau3 Uai3 Hiŋ3 ; 公民黨 Kuŋ5 Man5 Toŋ35, led by Alan 梁家傑 Lŋ553 Kit3.
Assessment: 香港 Hŋ53 Koŋ35 is governed under the principle of 一國兩制 Iat5 Kuok313 Cai3 ; there is a greater deal of liberalism and participatory government, but the 中共 uŋ5 Kuŋ51 still has control. Previous chief executive Donald 曾蔭權 Caŋ53 Iam35 K‛n3 (2005-12) suggested that by 2017, voters might be allowed to choose the chief executive from among several approved candidates; a fully-elected Legislative Council would be implemented no earlier than 2020. A LegCo election in 2008 produced a slightly-reduced majority for democrats in the elected half of the seats, but still a blocking minority, as several key figures retired; results in 2012 were similar, with a consolidation in the two main camps. In 2014, after the 中共 uŋ5 Kuŋ51 made clear that it would not permit the free election of the chief executive, a series of peaceful protests began, known as 佔領中環 Cim3 Liŋ13 Cuŋ5 Uān21 or the 雨傘運動 I13 Sān3 Uan2 Tuŋ2 .
FH: 5-2, partly free. Econ: 5.85 (84), hybrid.
Updated: 2014 October 19.
 

O.T. FORD