香港 « Höŋ53 Koŋ35 »
— Officially: 中華人民共和國香港特別行政區 « Cuŋ53 Uā1 Ian53 Man5 Kuŋ1 Uo53 Kuok3 Höŋ53 Koŋ35 Tak1 Pit1 Haŋ31 Ciŋ3 Köü5 ».
— English: Hong Kong.
— Status: Not democratic.
— Governing party: 中國共產黨 « Çuŋ5 Kuo35 Kuŋ51 Ç‛an214 Taŋ214 ».
— Head of government: 李家超 « Lei13 Kā5 Ciu5 », chief executive (since 2022).
— Chief opposition parties: 香港民主黨 « Höŋ53 Koŋ35 Man5 Cü35 Toŋ35 », led by Emily 劉慧卿 « Lau3 Uai3 Hiŋ3 »; 公民黨 « Kuŋ5 Man5 Toŋ35, led by Alan 梁家傑 « Löŋ5 Kā53 Kit3.
— Assessment: 香港 « Höŋ53 Koŋ35 » has been governed under the principle of 一國兩制 « Iat5 Kuok3 Löŋ13 Cai3 »; there has been a greater deal of liberalism and participatory government, but the 中共 « Çuŋ5 Kuŋ51 » still has control, and is exercising that control to an ever-greater degree. Chief executive Donald 曾蔭權 « Caŋ53 Iam35 K‛ün3 » (2005-12) suggested that by 2017, voters might be allowed to choose the chief executive from among several approved candidates; a fully-elected Legislative Council would be implemented no earlier than 2020. A LegCo election in 2008 produced a slightly-reduced majority for democrats in the elected half of the seats, but still a blocking minority, as several key figures retired; results in 2012 were similar, with a consolidation in the two main camps. 梁振英 « Löŋ21 Can3 Iŋ5 (2012-7) became chief executive in 2012. In 2014, after the 中共 « Çuŋ5 Kuŋ51 » made clear that it would not permit the free election of the chief executive, a series of peaceful protests began, known as 佔領中環 « Cim3 Liŋ13 Cuŋ5 Uān21 » or the 雨傘運動 « Iü13 Sān3 Uan2 Tuŋ2 ». 林鄭月娥 « Lam21 Ceŋ2 Üt2 Ŋo21 » (2017-22), previously the chief secretary of the administration, took over as chief executive in 2017. Her term saw a cycle of increasing control from 北京 « Pei214 Ćiŋ5 » followed by increasing protests against this control. In 2019, the administration introduced an extradition bill that would have increased 北京 « Pei214 Ćiŋ5 »’s ability to arrest people in 香港 « Höŋ53 Koŋ35 »; after massive protests, the bill was withdrawn. Democrats won a sweeping victory in district elections that fall. In 2020, 北京 « Pei214 Ćiŋ5 » decided to force a national security law on 香港 « Höŋ53 Koŋ35 »; this led to further protests, and the administration then began interfering in the LegCo and the forthcoming election in various ways, prompting the resignation of the pro-democracy legislators, and in 2021 北京 « Pei214 Ćiŋ5 » drastically reduced the elected component of LegCo. The human rights situation has steadily deteriorated.
— FH: 5-2, partly free. Econ: 5.85 (84), hybrid.
— Updated: 2022 July 17.