FEDERACIJA BOSNE I HERCEGOVINE
English: Federation of Bosnia-Herzegovina.
Seat of government: Sarajevo.
Status: Not democratic.
Structure: Government is led by a prime minister chosen by an elected House of Representatives, but overseen by an unelected high representative chosen by foreign states.
Heads of government: Fadil Novalić, SDA, prime minister; Marinko Čavara, HDZ, president; Valentin Inzko, international high representative.
Parliamentary parties: Socijaldemokratska Partija Bosne i Hercegovine; Stranka Demokratske Akcije; Savez za Bolju Budućnost BiH; Hrvatska Demokratska Zajednica; Stranka za Bosnu i Hercegovinu; Demokratska Fronta; Hrvatska Demokratska Zajednica 1990; Stranka Demokratske Aktivnosti; Demokratska Narodna Zajednica; Bosanskohercegovačka Patriotska Stranka – Sefer Halilović; Stranka Pravde i Povjerenja; Hrvatska Stranka Prava Bosne i Hercegovine; Naša Stranka.
Assessment: In the war of secession from Jugoslavija, Bošnjaci and Hrvati were sometimes allies against the Срби, and sometimes rivals. The Federacija was largely imposed by foreign states; as a compromise, the territory is itself divided into ten cantons with significant powers, meant in part to empower the sectarian communities. Partially autocratic as a UN protectorate; even Christian Schwarz-Schilling (2006-7), perhaps the least assertive high representative, overrode a parliamentary change of government, to be led by Nedžad Branković; but Branković did eventually replace Ahmet Hadžipašić. Sectarian nationalist parties have come to dominate elections.
FH: 4-3, partly free (democratic). Econ: 5.70 (86), hybrid. (For Bosna as a whole.)
Updated: 2015 April 25.
 

O.T. FORD