BOSNA I HERCEGOVINA
English: Bosnia-Herzegovina.
Seat of government: Sarajevo.
Status: Not democratic.
Structure: Government is led by a council of ministers chosen by the House of Representatives (Predstavnički Dom / Представнички Дом / Zastupnički Dom), elected by party list in the two entities, nominally led by a three-member, ethnically-determined presidency elected in the two entities, with supervision and some intervention by an international high representative chosen by a consortium of foreign states, and a legislative veto given to the community blocs in the House of Peoples (Dom Naroda / Дом Народа), chosen by the entity governments.
Heads of government: Denis Zvizdić, SDA, chair of the council of ministers; Valentin Inzko, international high representative; Bakir Izetbegović (Bošnjak), Младен Иванић (Србин), Dragan Čović (Hrvat), presidents.
Parliamentary parties: Stranka Demokratske Akcije; Савез Независних Социјалдемократа; Српска Демократска Странка; Demokratska Fronta; Savez za Bolju Budućnost BiH; Hrvatska Demokratska Zajednica alliance; Socijaldemokratska Partija Bosne i Hercegovine; Партија Демократског ПрогресаНародни Демократски Покрет; Hrvatska Demokratska Zajednica 1990; Bosanskohercegovačka Patriotska Stranka – Sefer Halilović; Демократски Народни Савез; Stranka Demokratske Aktivnosti.
Assessment: Loose confederation of three sectarian-historical communities, Bošnjaci, Срби, and Hrvati, and, in parallel, three autonomous units, the two “entities” Federacija Bosne i Hercegovine and Република Српска, and Brčko (technically a part of both entities, but largely independent of them). The sectarian communities have veto power over confederation decisions. The confederation is responsible for foreign affairs (including defense) and trade (including currency). The central state has been forced on the communities by powerful states, originally through NATO intervention, maintained through the threat of economic and diplomatic isolation. A very tenuous balance exists among the communities, who are still recovering from the atrocious war of secession from Jugoslavija. Partially autocratic as a UN protectorate; Inzko is the seventh high representative to hold the post. Nationalists from the various factions dominate politics.
FH: 3-3, partly free (democratic). Econ: 5.11 (98), hybrid. (For Bosna as a whole.)
Updated: 2015 April 25.
 

O.T. FORD