البحرين ƆAL-BAHRAJN
Officially: المملكة البحرين ɔal-Mamlakaḧ ɔal-Bahrajn .
English: Bahrain.
Seat of government: المنامة ɔal-Manāmaḧ .
Status: Not democratic.
Structure: Autocratic government under a hereditary monarch.
Governing party: آل خليفة Ɔāl Xalīfaḧ .
Head of government: حمد بن عيسى آل خليفة Hamad bin Cīsaj ɔāl Xalīfaḧ , ملك malik .
Chief opposition party: جمعية الوفاق الوطنى الإسلامية Ĝamcīaḧ ɔal-Ŭifāq ɔal-Ŭatanī ɔal-Ɔislāmīaḧ , led by على سلمان Calī Salmān .
Assessment: To end a popular revolt that began in 1994, the state in 2002 was declared a constitutional monarchy, partially as subterfuge and partially to allow the امير ɔamīr to take a more exalted title (ملك malik ). Despite the act, the parliament is only partially elected and the ملك malik and his family retain ultimate control. Liberalization largely ended in the ربيع العربي Rabīc ɔal-Carabī in 2011, when another popular uprising took place and was harshly repressed. The majority of the population is شيعى īcī , in contrast to the ruling family, and has little power; women were allowed equal participation in politics starting in 2002. A 2014 parliamentary election was boycotted by the opposition.
FH: 6-6, not free. Econ: 2.53 (150), authoritarian.
Updated: 2014 November 25.
 

O.T. FORD