Officially: Commonwealth of the Bahamas.
Seat of government: Nassau.
Structure: The parliament comprises the House of Assembly, elected in geographical constituencies, which chooses the prime minister, and the Senate, chosen by the governing and opposition parliamentary factions.
Governing party: Progressive Liberal Party.
Head of government: Philip (Brave) Davis, prime minister (since 2021).
Chief opposition party: Free National Movement, led by Michael Pintard.
Recent history: The PLPs Lynden Pindling headed the government 1967-92, followed by alternating terms of the FNMs Hubert Ingraham (1992-2002, 2007-12) and the PLPs Perry Christie (2002-7, 2012-7). While largely a two-party system between the PLP and the FNM, the Democratic National Alliance, led by Branville McCartney, won a significant share (8.5%) of the 2012 popular vote. The PLP, despite winning just under half of the popular vote in 2012, took three quarters of the seats. In a 2017 election, the effect was reversed; the FNM won 57% but nearly all (35/39) seats, and Hubert Minnis (2017-21) became prime minister. The 2021 election produced yet another large swing of seats, and the PLP took office.
FH: 1-1, free.
Updated: 2017 December 22.