Officially: Commonwealth of the Bahamas.
Seat of government: Nassau.
Status: Democratic.
Structure: The parliament comprises the House of Assembly, elected in geographical constituencies, which chooses the prime minister, and the Senate, chosen by the governing and opposition parliamentary factions.
Governing party: Progressive Liberal Party.
Head of government: Perry Christie, prime minister.
Chief opposition party: Free National Movement, led by Hubert Ingraham.
Recent history: While largely a two-party system, between the PLP and the FNM (which won the 2007 election), the Democratic National Alliance, led by Branville McCartney, won a significant share (8.5%) of the 2012 popular vote. The PLP, despite winning just under half of the popular vote, took three quarters of the seats.
FH: 1-1, free.
Updated: 2014 October 23.